It is not uncommon that, when purchasing an apartment, there is a desire to share an environment. The best thing would be to customize the property on the floor plan, but this is not always possible, either because the need arose later or because of the building’s structural limitations. Currently, the two most used construction processes in walls are masonry and drywall.
Therefore, before starting a renovation, it is good to know the advantages and disadvantages of each one, in order to choose the material that will bring the most benefits. Maybe you never needed to think about it until now. Therefore, in this post we bring information about the two options, so that you can choose the one that will be best for your residence. Good reading!
Differences between drywall and masonry
This type of construction method uses plasterboard plates reinforced on a galvanized steel frame. Although its installation requires specialized labor, it ends up having an interesting cost-benefit ratio, as the process is faster and simpler than that of masonry.
It is worth noting that drywall increases the space of environments by 5%, as the walls built with this technology have a smaller thickness. As they are hollow, it is possible to fill them with special materials to improve the acoustic and thermal characteristics of these partitions.
This is the most traditional construction method of building walls in Brazilian civil construction. Due to the fact that drywall arrived in our country approximately 20 years ago, it is still not widespread and there is still some distrust in its use. Therefore, masonry is widely used.
Constructed using ceramic bricks or concrete blocks joined by mortar, the masonry results in heavier and stronger walls. However, its construction process is slow and laborious, and, after being erected, it is necessary to carry out another service to finish this component.
Therefore, the slower and more laborious process increases the cost of this construction. However, the use of this constructive method is still advantageous for certain uses, as we will see.
The different types of masonry walls
Contrary to popular belief, there are two types of masonry walls: conventional and structural. Both are widely used in Brazilian civil construction, and these construction methods are the most used in Cyrela’s projects.
Although the construction process is similar – the two types use ceramic bricks or concrete blocks in the construction of the walls – they have great differences. For this reason, we have listed below the main characteristics and care that should be taken in conventional and structural masonry.
Conventional masonry is the most used in Brazilian civil construction and its sole function is to close the rooms. Thus, walls built using this material only serve as a partition of the rooms in a building. Therefore, this method needs a structure to support the efforts provided by the building, which normally uses reinforced concrete.
As for the structural masonry, as the name suggests, in addition to having the functionality to close the rooms, it also has a structural function. Thus, a building built using this construction method does not need beams and slabs.
By demanding greater attention during execution, works that use this type of material require planning and specialized labor.
Drywall and Masonry Applications
Without any doubt, masonry is the most suitable solution for the construction of external and structural walls. This material has good durability, impermeability and fire resistance, in addition to being more effective in muffling external noise.
When it comes to internal walls — those used to divide environments — there is a certain controversy among professionals in the field. Despite this, drywall is an option that has gained more followers due to its advantages. This technology reduces construction time and is cost-effective, which makes this method very attractive for those in a hurry to complete construction.
In addition, it is interesting to note that there is no longer the idea that the drywall wall is fragile, that it cannot have contact with water, it does not insulate the temperature or noise. In recent years, there have been many technological advances that improve the quality of this material. According to the purpose, there is always a possibility of using drywall. Look:
Rooms and rooms
For dividing rooms and living rooms, the drywall wall is a great solution. It properly receives doors, which must be foreseen in the project, as they need a specific structure: metal lintels give extra protection to receive the frame, in order to support its use.
Wall finishes can vary according to your taste as, when prepared with a specific mass, they support paints and wallpapers.
To fix mirrors, pictures, TVs or air conditioners, it is necessary to observe the weight of these objects. Conventionally, a drywall wall supports an object up to 10 kg fastened directly to the plasterboard, or one up to 18 kg fastened to the metal frame. Loads higher than this demand reinforcement, but it is essential that this work be done by a specialized professional, in order to maintain the durability of the wall.
In addition, for good thermo-acoustic insulation, it is possible to use thicker sheets, accompanied by a filling of glass or mineral wool. It is a very effective insulation, even used in movie theaters.
Kitchen and bathroom
One of the fears of those who will renovate the apartment and choose drywall is to use it in wet environments, such as kitchens and bathrooms. Previously, the fear was justified, as the material had little resistance to moisture. However, due to the evolution of this material, it is possible to employ this alternative in these rooms.
For this, the partition must undergo a waterproofing process, receive ceramic coating with specific mortar and grout, which will ensure total sealing. Thus, drywall will last on surfaces that are in constant contact with water. At the bottom of the wall, where it joins the floor, it is essential to take extra care so that water does not accumulate, which could damage the wall.
Finally, even the granite or marble countertops in your kitchen or bathroom sink can be attached to a wall of this material. Reinforcing the inner layers of the wall — with wood or steel — ensures that the piece remains firmly attached.
Care in use
On a daily basis, any wall requires only superficial cleaning, with a damp cloth, in case a layer of dirt has formed on it. This caution applies to both types presented in this article.
It is recommended that, when you notice the need to perforate a drywall wall to install paintings or other objects, a specialized professional is sought, who can handle the need for structural reinforcement, which will prevent accidents. On a brick wall, be careful not to get into conduits or plumbing when drilling.
When you notice any signs of leakage, you need to seek professional help urgently, to avoid extensive damage to your wall. In the case of drywall, this problem is detected more quickly, but it is also necessary to be quick in its solution.
We hope that, in this post, you have found enough information to decide for masonry or drywall to share a room in your home. If you prefer a quicker solution, less messy and more practical, then drywall is certainly the best choice!
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